War on Drugs or War on Humanity by Asen Grigorov @ Boston University
In the last year the Philippines has experienced death toll due to the extreme anti-drug policy conducted by the current President Rodrigo Duterte. The President has established the “war on drugs” policy which has led to the killing of around 13000 people up to date . According to Aljazeera, Duerte has managed to accumulate a higher death toll than the dictator of the Philippines, in his twenty year in office. According to state information only 3,451 of all killed people were killed during police actions. The rest of the death are correlated to drug homicides carried out by vigilantes or police personnel of duty.
Almost every society has its unique problems that has to tackle. Philippines has long experienced problems with drug use and distribution. The current President of the country has attempted to resolve the crisis, but in a very undemocratic way. Duterte’s way of fighting use and distribution of drugs breaks foundational rules of democratic system. According to Robert Dahl’s “Polyarchy ”, one of the foundational rules of democratic society is freedom of choice. In addition, the President of the Philippines has abused the human rights of the criminals, which once again anti-democratic and a sign of democratic backsliding.
Tackling drug use and distribution should be every country’s priority, but not when it comes to sacrificing the democratic norms of the country. Duterte harsh laws against drug users has indeed robbed the people of freedom of choice. Drug usage might be a bad choice, but non the less a choice the every individual should make on its own. No policy could prevent a drug user to crave the drug or a regular person to desire to try it. Thus by applying harsh laws nothing is achieved, the desire and crave for drugs is still there. The banning use of drugs or alcohol (like in the Prohibition ) usually has the reverse effect and instead decreasing the use of the forbidden substance, it increases it. The harder something is to get the greater the desire to acquire it. Thus, using laws to fight drug problems is extremely ineffective and does not justify the degradation of freedom of choice in the Philippines.
Surprisingly, there is a larger problem with the “war on drugs” than violation of freedom of choice, the abuse of human rights. In the last year, Duterte has called out for violence against drug users and distributors, which has sparked a surge in police use of violent force and drug related homicides. According to human right laws, every citizen of the state should be treated equally in front of court . Unfortunately, most of the executions happen in the streets without trial and judge. Furthermore, even if the established law suggests that drug users and distributors should be punished, execution, as a form of punishment, is an extreme measure which violates human rights. No person deserves to be executed because of his choice to use or distribute drugs. This does not mean that such behavior should remain unpunished, it simply means that the punishment should be more adequate to the severity of the crime. Thus, in the case of use and distribution of drugs, no lives are harmed involuntarily. There is a consensus between the distributor and user, the user is aware of its purchase and the consequences which the use of drugs might have on him/her. Thus, a non-extremely violent crime does not deserve the death sentence. This once again signal for the backsliding of Philippines’ democracy.
Overall, the “war on drugs” as a drug-fighting policy is extremely damaging for Philippines’ democracy. It deprives its citizens of freedom of choice and violate their human rights. It also creates a large burden for society as a whole. The killings of people lead to decrease of working force. It also leads to families been left without financial support, due to the death of the person who was earning the family income. The war on drugs has led to the death of numerous civilians which were not even part of the drug users and distributors. Children has been caught in the crossfire of police and criminals. All of these consequences are as a result of Duterte “war on drugs.” Unfortunately, the consequence brought by the policy seems to be only negative and the problem with drugs still standing.